Hopefully all System z users are aware of the Monthly Licence Charge (MLC) pricing mechanisms, where a recurring charge applies each month. This charge includes product usage rights and IBM product support. If only it was that simple! We then encounter the “Alphabet Soup” of acronyms, related to the various and arguably too numerous MLC pricing mechanism options. Some might say that 13 is an unlucky number and in this case, a System z pricing specialist would need to know and understand each of the 13 pricing mechanisms in depth, safeguarding the lowest software pricing for their organization! Perhaps we could apply the unlucky word to such a resource. In alphabetical order, the 13 MLC pricing options are AWLC, AEWLC, CMLC, EWLC, MWLC, MzNALC, PSLC, SALC, S/390 Usage Pricing, ULC, WLC, zELC and zNALC! These mechanisms are commercial considerations, but what about the technical perspective?
Of course, System z Mainframe CPU resource usage is measured in MSU metrics, where the usage of Sub-Capacity allows System z Mainframe users to submit SCRT reports, incorporating Monthly License Charges (MLC) and IPLA software maintenance, namely Subscription and Support (S&S). We then must consider the Rolling 4-Hour Average (R4HA) and how best to optimize MSU accordingly. At this juncture, we then need to consider how we measure the R4HA itself, in terms of performance tuning, so we can minimize the R4HA MSU usage, to optimize cost, without impacting Production if not overall system performance.
Finally, we then have to consider that WLC has a ~17-year longevity, having been announced in October 2000 and in that time IBM have also introduced hardware features to assist in MSU optimization. These hardware features include zIIP, zAAP, IFL, while there are other influencing factors, such as HyperDispatch, WLM, Relative Nest Intensity (RNI), naming but a few! The Alphabet Soup continues…
In summary, since the introduction of WLC in Q4 2000, the challenge for the System z user is significant. They must collect the requisite instrumentation data, perform predictive modelling and fully comprehend the impact of the current 13 MLC pricing mechanisms and their interaction with the ever-evolving System z CPU chip! In the absence of such a simple to use reporting capability from IBM, there are a plethora of 3rd party ISV solutions, which generally are overly complex and require numerous products, more often than not, from several ISV’s. These software solutions process the instrumentation data, generating the requisite metrics that allows an informed decision making process.
Bottom Line: This is way too complex and are there any Green Shoots of an alternative option? Are there any easy-to-use data analytics based options for reducing MSU usage and optimizing CPU resources, which can then be incorporated into any WLC/MLC pricing considerations?
In February 2016 IBM launched their z Operational Insights (zOI) offering, as a new open beta cloud-based service that analyses your System z monitoring data. The zOI objective is to simplify the identification of System z inefficiencies, while identifying savings options with associated implementation recommendations. At this juncture, zOI still has a free edition available, but as of September 2016 it also has a full paid version that has additional functionality.
Currently zOI is limited to the CICS subsystem, incorporating the following functions:
- CICS Abend Analysis Report: Highlights the top 10 types of abend and the top 10 most abend transactions for your CICS workload from a frequency viewpoint. The resulting output classifies which CICS transactions might abend and as a consequence, waste processor time. Of course, the System z Mainframe user will have to fix the underlying reason for the CICS abend!
- CICS Java Offload Report: Highlights any transaction processing workload eligible for IBM z Systems Integrated Information Processor (zIIP) offload. The resulting output delivers three categories for consideration. #1; % of existing workload that is eligible for offload, but ran on a General Purpose CP. #2; % of workload being offloaded to zIIP. #3; % of workload that cannot be transferred to a zIIP.
- CICS Threadsafe Report: Highlights threadsafe eligible CICS transactions, calculating the switch count from the CICS Quasi Reentrant Task Control Block (QR TCB) per transaction and associated CPU cost. The resulting output identifies potential CPU savings by making programs threadsafe, with the associated CICS subsystem changes.
- CICS Region CPU Constraint: Highlights CPU constrained regions. CPU constrained CICS regions have reduced performance, lower throughput and slower transaction response, impacting business performance (I.E. SLA, KPI). From a high-level viewpoint, the resulting output classifies CICS Region performance to identify whether they’re LPAR or QR constrained, while suggesting possible remedial actions.
Clearly the potential of zOI is encouraging, being an easy-to-use solution that analyses instrumentation data, classifies the best options from a quick win basis, while providing recommendations for implementation. Having been a recent user of this new technology myself, I would encourage each and every System z Mainframe user to try this no risk IBM z Operational Insights (zOI) beta software offering.
The evolution for all System z performance analysis software solutions is to build on the comprehensive analysis solutions that have evolved in the last ~20+ years, while incorporating intelligent analytics, to classify data in terms of “Biggest Impact”, identifying “Potential Savings”, evolving MIPS measurement, to BIPS (Biggest Impact Potential Savings) improvements!
IBM have also introduced a framework of IT Operations Analytics Solutions for z Systems. This suite of interconnected products includes zOI, IBM Operations Analytics for z Systems, IBM Common Data Provider for z/OS and IBM Advanced Workload Analysis Reporter (IBM zAware). Of course, if we lived in a perfect world, without a ~20 year MLC and WLC longevity, this might be the foundation for all of our System z CPU resource usage analysis. Clearly this is not the case for the majority of System z Mainframe customers, but zOI does offer something different, with zero impact, both from a system impact and existing software interoperability viewpoint.
Bottom Line: Optimize Your System z ROI via zOI, Evolving From MIPS Measurement to BIPS Improvements!
Michael Moss is a CEO at Value-4IT, an independent software and professional services company based in the UK, offering diverse and in-depth business facing experience for IBM System z, UNIX, Linux and Windows platforms.